INDIVIDUALISM AND COLLECTIVISM:

AN EXPLORATION OF INDIVIDUAL AND CULTURAL DIFFERENCES

The dissertation is based on the following original publications which will be referred to in the text by their respective Roman numerals.

I Realo, A. (1998). Collectivism in an individualist culture: The case of Estonia. Trames, 2, 19-39.

II Allik, J., & Realo, A. (1996). The hierarchical nature of individualism-collectivism: Comments on Matsumoto et al. (1996). Culture and Psychology, 2, 109-117.

III Realo, A., Allik, J., & Vadi, M. (1997). The hierarchical structure of collectivism. Journal of Research in Personality, 31, 93-116.

IV Realo, A., & Allik, J. (1999). A cross-cultural study of collectivism: A comparison of American, Estonian, and Russian students. Journal of Social Psychology, 39, 133-142.

V Kants, L., & Realo, A. (1999). Meta-level collectivism in Estonia and Finland. 3, 3-18.

VI Allik, J., & Realo, A. (1997). Emotional experience and its relation to the Five-Factor Model in Estonian. Journal of Personality, 65, 625-647.

VII Realo, A., & Allik, J. (1998). The Estonian Self-Consciousness Scale and its relation to the Five-Factor model of personality. Journal of Personality Assessment, 70, 109-124.

The main conclusions of this dissertation are the following: