ISSUE: 1 / 1999  ESSAY

Mikko Lagerspetz
Estonian Institute of Humanities, Estonia
Free-floating Thoughts about Estonian Sociology

ABSTRACT:

When I was asked to write about my views on Estonian sociology, I was told that one of the reasons why I should write is, that to a certain degree, I am an outsider in the Estonian sociological community. That refers to the fact, that I was born and educated in Turku, Finland. During my nine years’ stay in Estonia I have, of course, become quite familiar with Estonian society. Moreover, most of my research work has been directly dealing with it.

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ISSUE: 1 / 1999  ARTICLES

Raul Eamets
University of Tartu, Estonia
Some Insight Views into the Macroeconomic Performance of the Estonian Economy in 1989-1997

ABSTRACT:

Radical reforms in Estonia started in 1987-88 when a group of economists and politicians debated the idea of economic autonomy (IME in Estonian). This idea developed into proposals for economic and social reforms and a movement called 'the parade of sovereignty' by M. Gorbachev, the initiator of perestroika in the former Soviet Union (FSU).

In 1990, an important change occurred in the strategic aims of the reforms in Estonia: economic autonomy, which had formerly been the priority, was replaced by the goal of political independence or the task of re-establishing independent statehood in Estonia. The new target for economic reforms became the restoration of a market economy. The transition to a market economy was supported by the re-establishment of independence (August 1991) and the introduction of Estonia's own currency (June 1992).

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ISSUE: 1 / 1999  ARTICLES

Mare Ainsaar
University of Tartu, Estonia
Transformation of society and internal migration: the case of Estonia

ABSTRACT:

Paper analyses changes in society and it’s consequences to migration pattern during the period 1989-1994. Demographic changes, housing, increasing income differences and the relationship between unemployment and migration are more deeply discussed. Official statistics and the results of Labour Survey, Living Conditions Survey are used to analyse internal migration in 1989-1994.

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ISSUE: 1 / 1999  ARTICLES

Hans Dsiss, Paul Kenkmann
University of Tartu, Estonia

Young Professionals on Estonian Labor Market at the Initial Stage of the Transformation

ABSTRACT:

The transition from a strictly planned state socialist system to a free market economy significantly affects and alters the labour market position of young professionals by causing substantial changes in the employment structure which in their turn can lead to deepening socio-economic stratification. In order to obtain empirical data about the initial stage of this process, and correspondingly, about the first cohort of young specialists who proved to be involved in it, the research group on educational sociology at Tartu University carried out a survey among the young professionals who had graduated from the main Estonian universities in 1992.

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ISSUE: 1 / 1999  ARTICLES

Jüri Saarniit
University of Tartu, Estonia
Possibilities of Analysing and Interpreting the Individual Stability of Work Values in a Longitudinal Study

ABSTRACT:

There are two questions that value researchers time and again ask from themselves and argue about. Firstly there is a problem how stable are individual value judgements as such. Are they something that change daily depending on mood and other factors, or are they stable at least to a degree that deserves scientific analysis? The other problem concerns the degree of adequacy to what the assessments expressed in the research process reflect respondent’s actual thoughts and feelings. Such problems apply particularly to mass studies that regardless of maximum standardization involve very different survey conditions, respondents’ current mood and other factors that can influence the responses. In comparison with individual studies longitudinal data enable to consider these problems more thoroughly as this research strategy makes it possible to analyze the individual stability of value judgements over a long period.

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